Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the spirochete bacterium Treponema Pallidum which is a gram-negative spirochete bacteria. Anyone can get Syphilis. Many people who have Syphilis don't know it and it can be passed to others without knowing it.
In the Primary stage of syphilis, a patient could experience painless sore on the genitals, anus, or mouth and swollen lymph nodes. The primary stage is between 10-90 days of the initial infection.
In the Secondary stage of syphilis, a patient could experience a rash on the palms of hands, soles of feet, or flu-like symptoms. The secondary stage is between 4-10 weeks of the initial infection.
In Tertiary Syphilis, which may occur approximately 3 to 15 years after the initial infection, the Patient could experience damage to multiple organs such as the brain, eyes, heart, blood vessels, liver, bones, joints, and nervous system.
Syphilis is diagnosed by drawing blood for RPR, and Treponema Pallidum Antibodies.
The first choice treatment for uncomplicated syphilis remains a single dose of intramuscular benzathine Penicillin G. Alternative treatment includes Doxycycline and Tetracycline for patients who are allergic to penicillin.